Stringent control of air movement, humidity and temperature at poultry-farming facilities allows creation of comfortable conditions for broiler housing.
Keywords: poultry production, poultry, microclimate, gas composition of air, ammonia, hydrogen sulphide, carbonic gas, feed, live weight, daily average weight gain, microflora, humidity, ammoniac blindness, egg laying, productivity, egg laying capacity, ventilation, inflow vent window, air exchange, die-off, oxygen starvation, survival of population, viability of young animals, heat release, metabolism, dust content, bacterial count.
Ambient air temperature is one of key parameters for rating microclimate in broiler chicken housing premises.
Keywords: poultry production, chick, broiler, temperature, humidity, weight gain, live weight, die-off, feed, population, metabolism, thermal stress, thermoregulation, sensible and latent heat, heat release, young animals, temperature and humidity conditions, egg laying capacity
Cage technology of broiler production enables receiving 2–3 times more products from unit area of hen house and provides more comfortable conditions for chicks at smaller labour input.
Keywords: chick, broiler, cage, cage and floor housing, stocking density, meat yield, profitability, bedding material, cage battery, integrated poultry farm.
Introduction of a probiotic feed additive based on Bacillus subtilis culture in poultry diet during forced molting has a positive effect on the process of molting, promotes chicken survival, and also improves egg laying capacity, yield of incubatory eggs and chick hatching.
Keywords: poultry production, layer, incubatory egg, Bacillus subtilis, chick, chicken hens, forced molting, egg laying capacity, die-off, genetic potential, parental herd, Hisex Brown, productivity, feed additive, diet, feeding, mixed feed, live weight, chicken survival, genetic potential.
Use of evaporation cooling in integrated poultry farms with tunnel ventilation system allows creation of comfortable conditions for population, especially during hot season.
Keywords: poultry production, duck farmers, thermal stress, die-off, population, productivity, air temperature and relative humidity, effective temperature, dry thermometer, ventilation, tunnel ventilation, fan, air intake valve, commercial duck herd, evaporation cooling, disk humidifiers, evaporation coolers, feed conversion.
Pasture management of replacement young animals in summer period promotes normalisation of metabolism and reproductive function, makes basis for future productive longevity of the animals.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, advantages of grazing, replacement young animals, reproduction problems, calf yield, difficult calvings, productive longevity, metabolism, size of pastured herd, cow, heifer.
Errors in feeding highly productive cows frequently result not only in milk volume and quality drop, but also animal health deterioration.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, milk, animal, lactation, pregnancy, bacterial count, genetic potential, feeding management, feed, diet, milk yield, reproductive functions, palatability, digestibility, mixed feed, metabolic energy, protein, fibre, hay, silo, haylage, solids, urea, drying, feed reserve, mastitis, ketosis, acidosis, feed mix, microclimate, mycotoxins, feeding front, first-calf heifer, cow, heifer, calf, service period, cud, nutritious and biologically active substances, vitamins, rumen, cicatricial digestion, easily digested carbohydrates, feed mix sorting, feed conversion, thermal stress, dry period, increasing milk yield, deoxidants.
Innovations in feed production and feeding, housing and milking can help to increase productive longevity of cows. Farms introducing smart herd management systems are successful in this task.
Keywords: productive longevity of cows, competitiveness of milk production, milk productivity, Californian model, lactation, profit drop, culling, highly productive cows, productive economic use, milking and herd management procedures, service period, mastitis, ketosis, antibiotics.
To improve adaptation capabilities of zygotes and embryos, strict control of environment conditions is necessary from the first days of sow pregnancy.
Keywords: zygotes, embryo, fetus, sow, sow pregnancy, piglet, fertilization, environment, stress, feeding, housing, mycotoxins, delivery, prolificacy, viability, animal.
Modelling of pork production process allows simplification of herd cycle circulation, makes the process of population movement clear and transparent, optimises organizational and economic activities not only of the personnel but also the enterprise.
Keywords: pig production, farrowing, sow, regularity of production process, sex and age group, population, pork, herd cycle, young animals, piglet, nursery, fattening, feeding front, insemination, reproduction, lactating sow, pork, weaning, die-off, stud boar, trailer boar, artificial insemination, weight gain, live weight, weanling, stress, diet, slaughter, farrowing stall.
Regular use of disinfection composition in pig fattening premises effectively improves the microclimate parameters and promotes increase in product output.
Keywords: pig, piglet, yelt, young animals, animal, disinfection, cleansing, efficiency, growth factor, disinfection composition, microclimate, fattening, experimental group, control group, sodium hydroxide, caustic soda, feed, productivity, indicator, experiment, experimental animal.
Investigation of the influence of live weight and age of heifers at the time of first fruitful insemination on subsequent productivity have been carried out in 12 breeding farms of Russia that breed Holsteinized, Black-and-White and Kholmogory cattle.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, Holsteinized cattle, lactation, seasonality of calvings, organisation of feeding, live weight, age, first-calf heifers, full-grown cows, insemination, milk productivity, milk yields, production groups, milking.
Grain haylage from a mix of grain haylage crops is very nourishing feed, characterised by good feed characteristics and high productive effect
Keywords: grain haylage, protein, digestibility, feed, cow, productivity, grain fraction, fibre, grain haylage crops, young animals, digestibility index, production process, feed preparation, diet, triticale, preservatives, peas, mix, lactic acid, organic acid, high-stalk crop, wheat, crops, combine, feed characteristics, productive effect
Housing cattle in different types of cowsheds has both pros and contras. Results of our research will help to make an optimum decision for choosing animal premises.
Keywords: livestock production, farm, cowshed, light-weight structure, thermal balance, productivity, disease rate, feed, diet, housing conditions, profitability, standard design, feeding, air temperature, air exchange, milk yields, milk, microbial count, somatic cells, conception rate, service period, calf yield, power consumption of manufacture, comfort, discomfort.
Economically grounded planning of slaughter weight allows improvement of pig production profitability.
Keywords: pig production, sow, hog, profitability, fattening, slaughter weight, feed, feeding, diet, growth intensity, feed conversion, weight gain, slaughter grades, production cost, meat, fat.