Pasture management of replacement young animals in summer period promotes normalisation of metabolism and reproductive function, makes basis for future productive longevity of the animals.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, advantages of grazing, replacement young animals, reproduction problems, calf yield, difficult calvings, productive longevity, metabolism, size of pastured herd, cow, heifer.
Errors in feeding highly productive cows frequently result not only in milk volume and quality drop, but also animal health deterioration.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, milk, animal, lactation, pregnancy, bacterial count, genetic potential, feeding management, feed, diet, milk yield, reproductive functions, palatability, digestibility, mixed feed, metabolic energy, protein, fibre, hay, silo, haylage, solids, urea, drying, feed reserve, mastitis, ketosis, acidosis, feed mix, microclimate, mycotoxins, feeding front, first-calf heifer, cow, heifer, calf, service period, cud, nutritious and biologically active substances, vitamins, rumen, cicatricial digestion, easily digested carbohydrates, feed mix sorting, feed conversion, thermal stress, dry period, increasing milk yield, deoxidants.
Innovations in feed production and feeding, housing and milking can help to increase productive longevity of cows. Farms introducing smart herd management systems are successful in this task.
Keywords: productive longevity of cows, competitiveness of milk production, milk productivity, Californian model, lactation, profit drop, culling, highly productive cows, productive economic use, milking and herd management procedures, service period, mastitis, ketosis, antibiotics.
To improve adaptation capabilities of zygotes and embryos, strict control of environment conditions is necessary from the first days of sow pregnancy.
Keywords: zygotes, embryo, fetus, sow, sow pregnancy, piglet, fertilization, environment, stress, feeding, housing, mycotoxins, delivery, prolificacy, viability, animal.
Modelling of pork production process allows simplification of herd cycle circulation, makes the process of population movement clear and transparent, optimises organizational and economic activities not only of the personnel but also the enterprise.
Keywords: pig production, farrowing, sow, regularity of production process, sex and age group, population, pork, herd cycle, young animals, piglet, nursery, fattening, feeding front, insemination, reproduction, lactating sow, pork, weaning, die-off, stud boar, trailer boar, artificial insemination, weight gain, live weight, weanling, stress, diet, slaughter, farrowing stall.
Regular use of disinfection composition in pig fattening premises effectively improves the microclimate parameters and promotes increase in product output.
Keywords: pig, piglet, yelt, young animals, animal, disinfection, cleansing, efficiency, growth factor, disinfection composition, microclimate, fattening, experimental group, control group, sodium hydroxide, caustic soda, feed, productivity, indicator, experiment, experimental animal.
Investigation of the influence of live weight and age of heifers at the time of first fruitful insemination on subsequent productivity have been carried out in 12 breeding farms of Russia that breed Holsteinized, Black-and-White and Kholmogory cattle.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, Holsteinized cattle, lactation, seasonality of calvings, organisation of feeding, live weight, age, first-calf heifers, full-grown cows, insemination, milk productivity, milk yields, production groups, milking.
Grain haylage from a mix of grain haylage crops is very nourishing feed, characterised by good feed characteristics and high productive effect
Keywords: grain haylage, protein, digestibility, feed, cow, productivity, grain fraction, fibre, grain haylage crops, young animals, digestibility index, production process, feed preparation, diet, triticale, preservatives, peas, mix, lactic acid, organic acid, high-stalk crop, wheat, crops, combine, feed characteristics, productive effect
Housing cattle in different types of cowsheds has both pros and contras. Results of our research will help to make an optimum decision for choosing animal premises.
Keywords: livestock production, farm, cowshed, light-weight structure, thermal balance, productivity, disease rate, feed, diet, housing conditions, profitability, standard design, feeding, air temperature, air exchange, milk yields, milk, microbial count, somatic cells, conception rate, service period, calf yield, power consumption of manufacture, comfort, discomfort.
Economically grounded planning of slaughter weight allows improvement of pig production profitability.
Keywords: pig production, sow, hog, profitability, fattening, slaughter weight, feed, feeding, diet, growth intensity, feed conversion, weight gain, slaughter grades, production cost, meat, fat.
Russian pig production farms successfully tested a method of blood drawing from superficial femoral vein of male pigs during seating on phantom that was developed in France.
Keywords: blood drawing, live weight, stress, sperm production, auricular vein, seating on phantom, sperm collection, hip, superficial vein, blood sampling, aggression, ejaculation, veterinary medicine.
Nursing of piglets – especially in first ten days after farrowing — is the most difficult period in productive life of sows. Good care of a lactating sow will assure receiving high quality offspring.
Keywords: pig farmers, sow, piglet, weanlings, lactation, hypolactation, agalactia, mammary glands, mastitis, farrowing, milk, colostrum, feeding, barrenness, diet, protein, lysine, suckling piglets, suckling period, fleshing.
In production of commercial pork, livestock producers and meat processors should consider all factors and persistently use recommendations of experts to improve quality of the final products.
Keywords: meat, pork, transportation, slaughter, treatment, processing, colour, myoglobin, oxymyoglobin, metmyoglobin, preslaughter stress, рН, feed, diet, syndrome DFD, PSE, RSE, hardness, marbling, tenderness, succulence, meat processing.
The article discusses the reasons of occurrence of impairments in reproductive function of stud boars and methods of their prevention.
Keywords: stud boar, reproductive function, impotence, spermatogenesis, fertility, ejaculate, estrus, seating on phantom, heterospermic insemination, impotence.
Non-observance of requirements to transportation of day-old chicks can affect the results of subsequent poultry growing. The article provides recommendations regarding safe transportation of chicks.
Keywords: poultry production, chicks, day-old chicks, incubatory eggs, incubation, hatching, transportation, thermoregulation, thermal stress, temperature mode, air temperature, air humidity, air exchange, immunity, infectious diseases, residual yolk, hatchability, safety, productivity, live weight, live weight gain, special transport, boxes, disinfection.