Anthrax is an acute infectious disease of animals and humans caused by the microbe Bacillus anthracis. In pigs, the disease mostly develops as tonsillitis or pharyngitis.
Keywords: pig, anthrax, septicemia, mucous membrane, mouth cavity, lymph nodes, causative agent, bacillus, tonsillar form, infiltration, diarrhea, slaughter, bacteriologic test, virulence, hemorrhages, abscess, mesentery, Peyer's patches, beef-extract broth, “pearl necklace” test, phagolysis reaction, blood agar, bacterial mass, bacteriophage.
In pig production, breeding is based on definition of a large number of productive and performance traits of the animals as well as interrelations between the selected traits. The experts also use the method of consecutive selection for several traits, the so-called tandem selection.
Keywords: pig production, pig breeding, selection, tandem selection, phenotypic variability, genotype, phenotype, correlation factor, breed combination, hybrid, cross breed, young animals, yelt, pig, piglet, crossing, sow, male pig, Belorussian Meat Breed, Duroc, Landrace, Yorkshire, fattening and meat productivity, carcass, blood protein, albumines, globulines, haemoglobin, erythrocytes, fattening, daily average gain, cut, carcass, pork fat, meat, speck, meatness, growth rate.
Use of protein energy concentrate (PEC) allows diet balancing for protein and energy without additional application of others high-protein feeds, renders beneficial effect on morphological and biochemical indicators of blood and metabolism, promotes a better yield of meat, bones and skins, and smaller yield of pork fat, and also allows an increase in daily average gain by 3.07% per head.
Keywords: pig production, pigs, finisher fattening, protein energy concentrate (PEC), lupine, rape, triticale, productivity, feed, protein, diet, leguminous crops, alkaloids, anabolism, metabolism, catabolism, extruded mix, live weight, soya, sunflower oilseed meal, nitrogenous substances, urea, creatinine, slaughter, rib eye, carcass, semicarcass, meat, fat, salted pork fat, speck, skin, homeostasis, resistance, blood, leukocytes, erythrocytes, haemoglobin, lymphocytes, immunity, glucose, bilirubin, amino acids, enzymes, pork.
Use of an infrared system in industrial pork production increases live weight gain by 10–15%, reduces mortality by 3–7%, and reduces fuel and energy consumption by a factor of 1.5–2.
Keywords: piglet, weanling, weaning, IR system, infrared radiation, heating, weight gain, IR radiator, pig production, live weight, microclimate, feed, computer program, heating mode, ammonia, stress, productivity, young animals, sow, group housing, diet, safety, population, air exchange, heat release, nursery site, mortality.
Breeding value of the Large White pig was assessed for replacement gilts using indicators of own productivity and for sows for reproductive qualities as well for the degree of correlation between the signs with low heritability estimate.
Keywords: pig production, replacement gilts, sows, Large White breed, breeding value, animal assessment, BLUP method, macrocarpous, reproductive qualities, prolificacy, nest uniformity, live weight, daily average gain, L.Lash indexes as modified by N. Berezovsky, correlation relationship.
Sterility is the most common reason of incomplete restoration of a herd, untimely replacement of culled animals and untimely creation of production groups and cycles. Elimination of the shortcomings in sow feeding and housing will help to improve their productivity and extend their useful lifetime.
Keywords: pig production, sow, piglet, sterility, infantilism, hermaphrodism, ovary, testis, reproductive cycle, conception rate, insemination, prolificacy, breeding stock, egg cell, ovulation, embryo, follicles, pregnancy, lactation, feeding, weaning, milk, colostrum, ovulation, culling, male pig, sperm, farrowing, spermatozoid, sexual cycle, productivity.
Product VevoVital® by the company DSM is a superpure source of benzoic acid. The product was specially developed as a feed additive for pigs: it improves productive qualities of the population, improves feed eating and reduces ammonia content in the air of premises.
Keywords: pig production, organic acid, benzoic acid, pig, piglet, bacteriostatic and bactericidal properties, productivity, feed, urea, ammonia, metabolism, digestive path, nitrogen, antibiotics, probiotics, prebiotics, Coliforms, microflora, salmonellosis, enteritis, diarrhea, digestibility, amino acid, protein, energy, fibers and crypts, microclimate.
Inclusion of a new BASF-made hybrid phytase Natuphos Е in low-phosphor mixed feeds considerably improves phosphor digestibility, optimises bone tissue mineralization and has a positive effect on piglet productivity indicators. In terms of efficacy, Natuphos Е considerably surpasses its predecessor Natuphos.
Keywords: pig production, piglet, weaning, phosphorus, hybrid phytase, phytate, pigs, feed, diet, energy and protein, productivity, maize, soya oilseed meal, wheat, barley, weight gain, live weight, feed conversion, bone tissue mineralization, digestibility, Natuphos, Natuphos Е, BASF.
At the end of 2015, a scheduled scientific-and-practical conference “Pig Production-2015", where import replacement matters and creation of export potential was discussed, was held in the International Industrial Academy in Moscow.
Keywords: pig production, pork, import replacement, export, sanctions, foreign market, biological and veterinary safety, pig breeding, investment loan, productivity, genetics, offal, profitability, legal regulation, feed and raw-material base, feed.
Revealing correlations between the indicators of reproductive features of sows and male pigs provides additional opportunities to estimate productive qualities of animals and determine relationships between various indicators.
Keywords: pig production, male pig, sow, piglet, correlation, productivity, reproduction, seminal fluid, sperm dose, ejaculate, genetics, animal, genetic potential, prolificacy, weaning, genotypic and paratypic factors, population, selection, pleiotropy, gene, Landrace pigs, Yorkshire pigs, Duroc pigs, feeding, insemination, fertilisation, farrowing, young animals, abortion, not-in-pig, survival rate.