Addition of common yarrow meal of multicomponent feed additives made of local vegetable resources is an effective form of enriching diets with nutritious and biologically active substances.
Keywords: poultry production, productivity, laying hens, poultry, diet, feed, feeding, biologically active substances, feed additives, nutrients, resistance, stress resistance, eggs, brown seaweed (laminaria), stinging nettle, needles of trailing Siberian pine, common tansy, glycoalkaloid achillein, alcohols, pitches, amarines, phytoncides, tannins; formic, acetic and isovalerianic acid, flavonoids (derivatives of apigenin, luteolin, quercetine, kaempferol, izorhamnetin), essential oil, chamazulene, camphor, cineol, menthol, eugenol, vitamins, carotene, macro- and microelements, aluminum, magnesium, chrome, iron, copper, manganese, potassium, alkaloids, achillein, betonicine, stachydrine, methylbetaine, sesquiterpene lactones, nitrogen, crude protein, cellulose, egg laying, egg weight, yolk, feed conversion.
At Novo-Baryshevskaya integrated poultry farm in Novosibirsk region, they grow broilers without using feed antibiotics.
Keywords: poultry production, broiler, second order nucleus, poultry, population, parental herd, genetic material, feed antibiotics, phytobiotics, probiotics, organic acids, diet, vaccine, immunization, eggs, meat, carcass, one-day chick.
To receive high-quality meat of broilers without using antibacterial products, it is necessary to comply with carefully devised strategy of feeding and housing of the population.
Keywords: poultry production, antibiotics, eubiotics, poultry, broiler, population, housing conditions, microclimate, intestinal infections, feed, feeding, microorganisms, assimilability, nutrients, diet, endogenous enzymes, xylanase, phytase, intestinal microflora, bacteria, essential oils, biological safety, stress, productivity, population, herd, vaccination, immunization, egg, embryo, chicks, digestive tract, feed additives.
Specialists of the company Lohmann Tierzucht conducted research to study parameters of an «ideal» egg and found that solids in the white makes about 12%, and in yolk nearly 50%.
Keywords: poultry production, egg, layer, ovulation, ovary, yolk, egg white, shell, embryo, chick, fetus, shell strength, solid, poultry breeding, sea sand method, refractometry, phenotypical correlation, «LSL» and «LB» crosses, company Lohmann Tierzucht.
The period of replacement growing of broiler parental herd is conditionally divided into four phases: 0–8, 8–12, 12–16, and 16–20 weeks. Use of special feeding programs during this period allows receiving pullets with specified live weight, high productivity, as well as achieving uniformity of herd.
Keywords: poultry production, hens, chickens, feeding, feed, live weight, uniformity of herd, chick, productivity, brooder period, brooder, drinking bowls, stress, protein, craw, microclimate, replacement young animals, muscularity, chest muscle, egg laying capacity, light stimulation, live weight gain, fat reserves, puberty.
Use of feed chalk in layer diet had no adverse effect on quality characteristics of egg shell that allows a conclusion on equivalence of using feed chalk as basic source of calcium along with other mineral feeds.
Keywords: poultry production, calcium, phosphorus, mineral nutrients, diet, feed, feeding, full-diet mixed feed, eggs, layer, egg shell, feed chalk, flowing property, slumping, dustiness, shell thickness and marbleness shells, calcium-containing components, cockleshell, limestone, defecate, chicken hens, population, egg weight, protein, yolk, shell-free egg, egg candling, nacre, arsenic-containing connections, sub-shell coating.
Review of the poultry crosses used in many countries.
Keywords: poultry production, chick, broiler, pullet, cockerel, poultry meat, genetic material, grandparental and parental herd, specialised crosses, live weight, daily average gains, feed conversion, Cornish, White Rock, Dorking, Faverolle and Flesh, hybrids, reproductive abilities, Label Rouge growing system, outdoor keeping, transgenic technologies, plumage.
Poultry of numerous breeds and populations, kept in the collection of the All-Russia Research Institute of Genetics and Livestock Breeding (VNIIGRZh), are carriers of autosexing genes, bright colouring of plumage, skin and egg-shell pigmentation, decorative and productive qualities. For this reason, hens and cocks are used for creation of Russian coloured crosses that are demanded in farmer (peasant) and personal part-time farms.
Keywords: poultry production, food security, meat-egg and egg-meat crosses, breeding material, selection, autosexing population, gene fund, genetic variety, hens, productivity.
Sea-buckthorn berries and bioginseng oilseed meals used in chicken diets as feed additive either separately or combined, allow correcting hematological indicators of layer blood, and also stimulate resistance of their bodies and promote improvement of immunological indicators.
Keywords: poultry production, poultry, adaptogens, sea-buckthorn berries oilseed meal, bioginseng oilseed meal, haemoglobin, erythrocytes, erythropoiesis, live weight, resistance, feed, diet, chickens, layers, stress factor, reserve alkalinity of blood, feed additive.
Partial replacement (50%) of mixed feed with grass component in diets of young geese allows reducing consumption of feed crops and oilseed meals and reducing the use of feed supplements.
Keywords: nutrient and biological value of diets, feed production, resource-saving technologies and biotechnologies, full-diet mixed feed, grass component, young geese at fattening, Lind gosling, growing period, sunflower and soya oilseed meals, protein-vitamin-mineral concentrate, monocalcium phosphate, starting period, growth period, finishing period, concentration of metabolic energy, total gain, daily average gain, live weight, visceral fat, muscular tissue, chemical composition of muscles.
Modern egg poultry crosses show excellent results, however, if appropriate keeping is provided. Nevertheless, geneticists continue improving crosses, because increase of egg production profitability requires layers with increasing productivity.
Keywords: poultry production, layers, genetic progress, replacement young animals, productive longevity, egg shell quality, feed additives, diets, feed, poultry crosses, «Lohmann Tierzucht», egg poultry, high lifelong productivity, calcium content, egg laying, phytase, phosphates, phosphorus in diets, maize-soya diets, parental stock.
Poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) and northern fowl mite (Ornithonyssus sylvarum) are most common external parasites of poultry. They are carriers of very dangerous diseases. The key mite control measures are treatment of premises and poultry with acaricides and insecticides as well as surveillance of mite distribution at farms.
Keywords: poultry production, гамазовые mites, red poultry mite (Dermanyssus gallinae), northern fowl mite (Ornithonyssus sylvarum), chelicerae, imago, mite provider, blood-sucking, embryos, protonymph, deutonymph, poultry, hen house, layer, hens, cock, anaemia, productivity, plumage, feather, zoonoses, dermatosis, otitis, erythropenia, feed consumption, eggs, egg laying capacity, reproductive ability, infestation, die-off, slaughter, insecticides, acaricides, deratization, alopecia, cannibalism, ecto parasites.
High quality products can be only received from healthy poultry. Therefore, it is necessary to establish selection genetic centres, expand Russian reproduction potential, construct factories to produce vitamins, micro nutrients, amino acids, probiotics, vaccines, etc. in Russia.
Keywords: poultry production, broiler, layer, incubatory eggs, selection genetic centre, first and second tier nuclei, Russian and foreign crosses, waterfowl, goose, duck, turkey, slaughter weight, feed conversion, live weight gains, productivity, egg laying capacity, population livability, hatchability, young animals, poultry meat, biosafety, pure lines, grand parents, parental herd, cage equipment, selection, genetics, egg mass, compound mixes, gene fund, Russian Poultry Union (Rosptitsesoyuz).
Reporting from a Cobb technical workshop held in October 2016 in Cyprus.
Keywords: Cobb, integrated poultry farms, Cobb 500 FF cross, broiler, poultry feeding, rooster leg strength, maternal line, first tier nucleus, broiler live weight, feed conversion, chest muscle yield, yield of meat and drawn carcasses, ventilation in premises, Cobb Europe in Russia, Irina Likhachyova, Patrick van Trijp, Irina Hamatshina, Yulia Pavlova, Valery Alekseev, Lydia Malakheeva.