The 4th International Conference «Meat cattle in Russia: beef production — from field to consumer. Trends and prospects» took place at the International Industrial Academy in Moscow.
Keywords: meat cattle production, beef, productivity, cattle, population, epizootic situation, foot-and-mouth disease, anthrax, nodular dermatitis, brucellosis, leukosis, tuberculosis, vaccination, regionalization, electronic veterinary certification, biological safety, cooperation, bull-calves, bulls, feed supply, Kalmyk cattle breed, Aubrac, Salers, Galloway, Hereford, Aberdeen-Angus, feed, premium meat, rumen microorganisms, concentrates, temperature and humidity index.
Use of rape feed in diet for bull-calves at fattening allows farms not only to reduce import of protein feed stock, but also receive additional profit.
Keywords: protein, rape, soya, sunflower, bull-calves, young animals, oilseed meal, oil cake, oil seeds, rumen, digestibility, glucosinolates, erucic acid, meat productivity, daily average gains, live weight, mixed feed, diet, growth energy, pre-slaughter and slaughter weight, fleshiness, carcass, semi-carcass, fat, meatness index, rib eye, solid matter, moisture-holding ability, meat aging, extinction unit, oxyproline, tryptophane, feed conversion.
The company Kapital-PROK suggests using carbon-prebiotic feed Live Protein for feeding bull-calves to accelerate live weight gain and receive high-quality beef.
Keywords: meat cattle production, bull-calves, calves, young animals, fattening, beef, live weight, daily average gain, rumen, microflora, feed digestibility, assimilation of nutrients, palatability, appetite, immunity, rough feeds, carbon-prebiotic feed Live Protein, easily fermentable carbohydrates, meat quality, recoupment, profit.
Carcasses and meat of uncastrated Aberdeen Angus bull-calves are characterised by high yield of edible parts, low content of visceral and edging fat, favorable structure of amino acids and optimum ratio of saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Keywords: meat cattle production, bull-calf, castrated bull-calf, Aberdeen and Black-and-White animals, feed lot, fattening, completion of growing, carcass, meat, beef, cut, visceral and edging fat, amino acids, saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, feeding, bulk and concentrated feeds, meat «marbling», live weight gain, feed conversion, nutrient value, solid matter, milk herd, metabolic energy, diet, die-off, withdrawal, rib eye, raw fat, steak, L.K.Ernest All-Russia Livestock Research Institute, OJSC Sputnik Breeding Farm.
The 3rd International Conference «Meat cattle production in Russia: development, prospects, formation of the market for high-quality beef» was held in the International Industrial Academy in Moscow, where specific features of growing cattle of meat breeds in Russia were discussed.
Keywords: meat cattle production, cattle, bull, cow, calf, calving, fattening, доращивание, slaughter, feed lot, forage base, beef, young animals, breeding stock, herd, Aberdeen Angus, beef ageing, import replacement, veterinary supervision, electronic cattle identification, labelling, chip implanting, cold and post-weaning stress, castrated bull, genetics, weight gains, live weight.
Multistage and continuous supervision, animal health check using laboratory tests during the quarantine time explain why France is the only country that never supplied sick cattle to Russia, which is confirmed by the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance (Rosselkhoznadzor).
Keywords: French cattle, export, veterinary service, health supervision, epizootic well-being, animal culling, cattle certification, «green» passports, Herd Book, farmer, export, Aubrac, Salers, Charolais, Gascon breed, cow, heifer, genealogy.
Herefords are a breed of cattle the advantages of which include easy keeping, fast acclimatisation and endurance. At breeding farms, the breed is improved by refinement of hereditary traits and increase in the animal productivity. Herefords are a successful choice for a profitable farm.
Keywords: Hereford breed, cattle, animal productivity, breeding herd, nucleus, tall genotype, service period, cow live weight, stud bulls, wide body cows, meat productivity.
Calving season plays an important role in formation of meat productivity. Bull-calves and heifer-calves born in winter, unlike the individuals born in spring, are characterized by high intensity of growth and large live weight gain.
Keywords: meat cattle production, cattle, young animals, Kazakh White Headed cattle, feed, productivity, meatness, bull-calves, heifer-calves, calving, weaning, population, weight gain, live weight, beef, sexual dimorphism, suckling period.
Abstract: Coverage from the conference «Russian meat cattle production: strategy of development in present day conditions».
Keywords: meat cattle production, government support, population, beef, food security, breeding cattle, import replacement, feedlot, meat cluster, livestock production, genetics, embryo, fattening.