Reporting from the workshop «Effective cattle feeding in the conditions of Russian midland» which was held at Poyma stud farm in Lukhovitsky District, Moscow region.
Keywords: agriculture, cow, ruminants, dairy cattle production, AgroVitEx, feed, feeding, feeding process, functional feeding, Poyma stud farm, T-RFLP-analysis, productivity, adsorbent, mycotoxins, cattle, population, milking herd, diet, milk yield, milk, microorganisms, microbial community, rumen, cicatricial liquid, genome, digestive tract, spore-forming bacteria, milk fat drop syndrome, Simbitox, Aflatoxin, Fuminosin, T-2 toxin, Zearalenone, Ochratoxin, DON, pre-and pro-biotic effect, resistance, lactation, live weight gain.
Recommendations of Pork-Ex LLC specialists will help to optimize the process of adaptation of imported dairy cattle to new housing conditions, equipment, personnel and feed. This will allow creating a herd of healthy, quiet cows and achieving high performance indicators.
Keywords: imported dairy cattle, acclimatization, highly productive cow, cattle, quarantine, stress, down calving heifers, feed, diet, watering, microclimate, stall, productivity, transportation, animal, population, adaptation period, nutrients, ventilation, air temperature and humidity, thermal stress.
Advanced feeding of cows during the dry period (21 days prior to calving) allows creation of a reserve of nutrients in their bodies, which promotes normal embryo development, birth of large calves, increase in content of fat, lactose, phosphorus and calcium in colostrum, therefore, better offspring growth.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, cow, productivity, advanced feeding, dry period, young animals, calving, feed, rumen microflora, population, diets, fresh-calved cow, nutrients, neonatal calves, concentrates, increasing the milk yield, lactation, passive exercise, colostrum, milk, average daily gain, live weight, post-natal period, body points, height at the withers and hips, breast depth, jobbers, tuber ishii, metacarpi, upstanding, lengthiness, blockiness, massiveness, overgrowth, narrow quarters, boniness.
According to the key productivity indicators, the cow calves grown in Russia using the SuperCow HB method, are not inferior to the animals kept at the farms of the EU countries, e.g. in Switzerland, Germany, etc. where the same program is used.
Keywords: cow, dairy cattle production, productivity, herd, retirement, lactation, heifer, reproductive function, productive longevity, Supercow HB method, calving, cattle, Black-and-White breed, Holstein-Frisian breed, calves, feed, feeding, colostrum, milk, Hokovit, Calvicol, Hokostar, gamma globulins, calf rearing, antibiotics, young animals, live weight gain, lifelong productivity.
Improving milk yields and at the same time keeping health and productive longevity of cows is possible due to creation of comfortable conditions for every animal at industrial dairy complexes with intensive milk production technology.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, population, feed, stall, microclimate, cud, animal, cow, cattle, milk yield, feed table, feeding, milk, comfortable housing conditions, diet, carbohydrates, mineral substances, vitamins, metabolic energy, crude protein, feed mix, live weight, hoof, feeding front, first-calf heifer, heifer, fatness, reproductive function, herd, milking, illumination, ammonia, carbon dioxide, milking hall, tied and loose housing, calving room; gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, reproductive system; rumen, microorganisms, infusoria, rumination bolus, cicatricial digestion, udder, calving, retention of placenta, mastitis, endometritis, acidosis, ketosis, hypocalcemia, thermal stress.
Inclusion of the additive Enzymosporin in diets of farm animals and poultry allows reducing risk of developing diseases for treatment of which antibacterial drugs are required.
Keywords: feed probiotic, biological product, testing, dairy cattle production, cattle, spore-forming bacteria, spores, antibiotics, stress, pathogenic and opportunistic microflora, cow, calves, live weight gain, productivity, digestibility, pigs, piglets, poultry, young animals, feed, diet, feeding, population, milking herd, milking capacity, milk yield, milk, loose housing.
Use of crude maize gluten in feeding of lactating cows promotes reduction of diet expenses and reduction of cost of the product made.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, lactation, rated feeding, genetic potential, feed, young animals, cattle, maize gluten, resistance, productivity, crude protein, digestible protein, nutrient value, crude fat, crude fiber, metabolic energy, diet, cow, live weight, digestive tract, animals, milk, population, total protein, calcium, phosphorus, urea, reserve alkalinity, erythrocytes, leukocytes, hemoglobin, solids.
To lay foundation for high productivity of future cows, completely realize their genetic potential, and, above all, accustom young animals to large group housing, it is very important to determine correctly how to grow calves during the preweaning period.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, meat, milk, genetic potential, cow, calf, productivity, young animals, preweaning period, whole milk substitutes (WMS), vegetable feed, diet, calf rearing, fat, proteins, vitamins, mineral substances, feeding, digestive tract, compound feed, mineral nutrition, solids, heifer, silo, haylage; group, tied and loose housing; pedal-controlled automatic drinking trough, light concrete floor, feeding front, calf house, microclimate, herd replacement, cattle, fattening, dehorning.
Analysis of lifelong productivity of cows of different breeds grown in stud farms and nuclei allowed a conclusion that in the conditions of Russia the Holstein breed significantly falls short of the domestic Kostroma and Red Gorbatovsky breeds.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, cow, calf, milk, animal, cattle, calving, pedigree identity, productive longevity, service period, milk yield, fat, protein, Black-and-White, Holstein, Kostroma, Yaroslavl, Kholmogory, Ayrshire, Red-and-White, Simmental, Red Gorbatovsky, Bushuyevsky, Tagil, Brown Swiss breed, lifelong productivity, breeding stock, live weight, feed, feeding, lactation, Holsteinized cattle, fat and protein content in milk, reproductive function, leucosis, hidden inbreeding, infertility, BLAD syndrome, genomic assessment, stud bull, accumulation cross breeding.
Dairy cattle diets can be optimized by increasing the amount of forage conservation and improving nutritious properties of grass feed as well as by use of high quality concentrated feed.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, cow, feeding, diet, ruminants, productivity, milk, bulk and grain feed, compound feed, silo, haylage, hay, barley, wheat, rye, triticale, metabolic energy, crude protein, solids, trace elements, manganese, zinc, copper, iodine, cobalt, food supply, feed production, perennial herbs, grass mix, seeding, seed viability, overgrassing, cover crop, perennial leguminous grasses, timothy grass, clover, herbage, raw material conveyor, lucerne, birds-foot trefoil, eastern galega, fescue, awnless brome, reed canary grass, fibre, siloing, mycotoxins, grain haylage, pasture, stand, grazing, annual ryegrass, soy, lupine, vetch, peas, stall period, desoxynivalenol, zearalenone, fuminozin, aflatoxins, ochratoxins, citrinin, patulin, adsorbents, vitamins.