The author analyzes a farm’s expenses of growing replacement young animals, time when return on investment in first-calf heifers begins, and what this time depends on.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, replacement young animals, heifer growing, return on investment, formula of pay-back calculation.
The best milk for production of high-quality cheeses is milk from brown breed cows, including Simmental cows, while the most common Holstein cows produce milk poorly suitable for cheese production.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, cows, bulls, breeding farm, production, cheeses, cheese production, milk quality, raw materials, breed, Black-and-White, Holstein, Brown Swiss, Simmental, Ayrshire, Montbeliarde, Kholmogory breed, Yaroslavl breed, Kostroma breed, Red Gorbatov breed, Red-and-White, milk yield, fat, protein, productivity, service period, yield of calves per 100 cows, genotype, kappa casein.
Today, pig production is actively developing in Russia, and it has the
greatest growth potential, whereas beef production continues stagnation; however,
meat cattle production shows considerable progress.
Keywords: pig production, beef production, meat market, import supplies,
sausage production, meat semi-finished products, price dynamics
There are positive shifts in meat production, the leading players implement promising and long-term strategies, and there is strong support from the state. This gives grounds to expect further development of the sector not only within the Russian market, but also globally.
Keywords: meat production, percent of beef, pork and poultry, price instability, import supplies, export, prospects of the meat sector.
Coverage of our correspondent on the visit of the Education and Training Center for Agricultural Sector DEULA-Nienburg and Gut Karlshof farm in Bavaria.
Keywords: agriculture, agricultural sector, farm, agricultural machinery, tractor, combine harvester, agricultural production, renewable energy, bull-calves, maize silage, biogas unit, Bavarian meat breed, legumes, rape, lucerne.
Last year was final in the three-year program for development of poultry production in Russia. During its action, poultry production as slaughter weight grew by 800 thousand tons compared to the planned 375 thousand tons, i.e. the commitments undertaken were surpassed by a factor of 2.1. Within the last five years the growth was above 1.5 mln tons.
Keywords: poultry production, successes of the sector, poultry and egg growth, breeding base, veterinary well-being, salmonellosis problem, epizootic supervision program, import replacement, export of poultry products.
Interview with Valery Afanasyev, Dr. Sci. Tech., President of NGO Union of Mix Feed Producers, General Director of the OJSC All-Russia Research Institute of Mixed Feeds
Keywords: mixed feeds, premix, vitamins, lysine, import, export, import replacement, cattle, pigs, poultry, aquiculture, fur farming, integrated poultry farm, farm, agro holding, investment, feeding, diet, grain area, soya, white lupine, sunflower, oilseed meal, oil cake, beet pulp, protein, amino acids, secondary source of raw materials, mix feed factory, feed supplements, protein-vitamin-mineral concentrate, enzymatic products, microbiological products, yeast, leguminous crops.
It is a typical situation at some farms that the animals suffer from overfeeding, or rather from imbalance of nutrients in diet. Optimization will help to address many problems arising from that situation.
Keywords: Rodina livestock farm, fat, protein, milk, grassy feed, herd improvement, differentiated feeding, cow, cicatricial digestion, concentrated feed, feed additive, physiologically organic foods, total mixed ration, vaccination of calves, Selex program, reproductive qualities of animals, dairy cattle farming.
The farm headed by Roza Tsarukyan (part of Multi Agro holding) has 3 thousand sheep, 750 cattle, including almost 250 cows, and 1050 bee families. Since 1990, the farm has been receiving students and post-graduates of four departments of the Yerevan Agricultural Academy for traineeship.
Keywords: genetics and selection of bees, beekeeping, Caucasian Brown breed of cattle, farm, cows, sheep, Multi Agro, organic food.